Longitude 80°4´ east to 30° 27´
Latitude 26° 22´ north to 30° 27´ north
China to north
India in south, east and west
East to west length 885 km.
North to south width 193 km.
Land: 143, 151 sq. km
Water: 4,000 sq. km
Total: 147, 181 sq. km
Federal Democratic Republic
5 development regions
V.D.C (Village Development Committee):
Dhankuta, Kathmandu, Pokhara, Birendranagar, Dipayal
Mt. Everest (Sagarmatha) 8,848 m
Jhapa, Kechana 59 m
Distance to nearest sea:
About 500 km
Major River System:
Koshi, Gandaki, Karnali
Rara, phewa, Begnas, Shey- Phoksundo, Tilicho, Gosai Kunda
Khumbu, Langtang, Barun, Yalung
Major Mountain Passes:
Kodari, Thorang-la, Namja, Tinkar
Mt. Everest 8,848 m.
Lho Tse 8,516 m
Makalu 8,463 m.
Cho – Oyu 8,201 m.
Dhaulagiri 8,167 m.
Manasalu 8,163 m.
Annapurna 8,091 m
Nepal is almost rectangular in shape boarder with India on the three sides and Tibet in the north. Geographically Nepal is divided into three regions from south to north depending upon its topology and climatic condition.
Nepal is extended from 60 m and attain 8,848 m height at the summit of Everest within the width of 193 km. This wide range of variation with in short width creates its geography unique. Geographically Nepal can be Divided into three regions:-
1.THE HIMALAYAN REGION
This region covers the mountain range whose altitude is 3,000 meters to 8,848 meters above the sea level. With spare human habitation, most of the areas have a wild landscape, undisturbed tranquility of the nature rules over the land. Along with Mt. Everest, the region includes eight of the 14 peaks of the world which exceed the altitude of 8,000 meters and many more mountains. The Himalayan region also divided into 3 regions:
- Greater Himalaya
- Boarder Himalaya / Trans Himalaya
- Inner Himalaya / High Mountain Valley / Bhot
2.THE MOUNTAIN REGION
Mountain region covers the areas whose altitude is 600 meters to 3,000 meters above the sea-level and accounts for nearly 64 percent of total land area of the country. Along with the Mahabharat and Churia Mountain ranges, this region has many longitudinal fertile valleys of the principal rivers. Kathmandu valley is also situated in this very region. Likewise, the Himalayan regions are divided into 3 regions, Mountain region also divided into 3 regions:-
- The Midland Range (Valley/Tars/Beshi)
- Mahabharat Range
- Churia Range
3.THE TERAI REGION
This region form a low flat land belt and includes the most fertile land and dense forest areas of the Country. It accounts 17 percent of the total land of the country. It has the width of 26 to 32 kilometers and its altitude does not exceed 305 meters above the sea level. This region is also divided into 3 regions:
- Southern Terai Region
- Bhabar Pradesh Region
- Inner Terai Region
Nepali is the national language of Nepal. Educated people understand and speak English as well. There are hundreds of local dialects spoken by people from various ethnic groups.
Nepal has four major seasons
Time and Business Hours
Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
Government offices are open from 10 am to 5 pm from Sunday to Friday.
Saturday is Public Holiday.
Embassies and international organization are open from Monday to Friday.
Currency of Nepal is rupees. the denominations of currency notes are available In 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500, 1000. Similarly the coins are available in 1, 2, 5 and 10 rupees.
Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census).
28,901,790 (July 2007 est.)
Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
Constitutionally, Nepal is a parliamentary democracy with a largely ceremonial president as Head of State and a Prime Minister as Head of Government. The Prime Minister currently leads a coalition government. Elections for a 601 seat Constituent Assembly cum legislature were held on 10 April 2008. General elections are due to be held in 2010.
Each ethnic groups have its own festivals. Some of the major festivals are listed below with their dates . However the dates may not coincide with the solar calendar or Gregorian calendar as it is set to a Lunar calendar.
|New Year||April 13|
|Lhosar – Tibetean New Year||Feb. 28|
|Chhath Parba||Oct. 28|
|Indra Jatra||Sept 14|
|Buddha’s Birthday||May 20|
World Heritage Sites of Nepal:
There are two categories of World Heritages.:-
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Lumbini- Birth place of Lord Buddha
Chitwan National Park
Sagarmatha National Park
National Parks, Wild life Reserve and Conservation area
The Geography of Nepal is broadly divided into High mountains, mid hills and low lands. The wide varities of eco system exists from sub tropical jungles of Terai to arctic conditions of Himalayan Highlands .20% of the total area are protected under the National Parks, Wildlife Reserves, conservation area , Hunting Reserve and Buffer Zone.
Bardia National Park
Chitwan National Park
Khaptad National Park
Langtang National Park
Makalu Barun National Park
Rara National Park
Sagarmatha National Park
Shey- Phoksundo National Park
Shivapuri Nagarun National Park
Koshitappu Wildlife Reserve
Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
Annapurna Conservation Areas
Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
Manaslu Conservation Area
New Conservation Areas:
Api Nampa Conservation Area
Blackbuck Conservation Area
Gaurishankar Conservation Area
Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
- Nepal launched Online visa application system
Good News for Foreigners interested to visit Nepal. Interested foreigner can now fill of the application form online to get visa. Jan 27, 2014 Read More ..
- Test Flight at Dolpa
Masinechaur airport of Dolpa was conducted successfully on Sunday. Aug 19, 2013 Read More ..