Mustang tiji festival trek 2015Book
The Tiji Festival in Lo Manthang is one of the most important and colorful in Upper Mustang. Held annually to chase away demons, it is a time of prayer and dance as monks dress in colorful costumes and masks and perform ritual dances watched by spectators (dressed in their best clothes and jewelry) who have gathered from throughout the region. The long forbidden Kingdom of Mustang has always exuded an air of romance. Mustang is the arid region at the end of the Kali Gandaki, beyond the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges.
Join a small group with Wild stone adventure on an adventure into the fabled Kingdom of Mustang in northern Nepal. The Tiji Festival of ancient city Lo Manthag is the highlight of this trip. Thousands of men, women and children participate in this annual elaborate re-enactment of the Tiji myth, telling of a deity named Dorje Jon who battles his demon father to save the kingdom from destruction. It will be our unique privilege to witness the same color, costume, dancing and ritual that were displayed by these people in this place more than six hundred years ago according to the religious mythology.
For 2015, Tiji festival in Mustang is going to be celebrated in Month of May starting from 15 and ending on 17. Wild Stone Adventure have been organizing Mustang Tiji festival trip every year. We have fixed departure date for this popular Mustang Tiji festival trip.
Day 1 : 7 May 2015 Pick up in Kathmandu and Transfer to Hotel
Welcome greeting at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA), Kathmandu by the representative from Wild Stone Adventure. You will then transfer to the Hotel for refreshment where you will be served with welcome drinks. Depending on your interest and condition you can either rest, hang around the street or visit our office for rest of the day. Included: Welcome Drinks
Day 2 : 8 May 2015 Kathmandu sightseeing, trek briefing and preparation
We will start guided tour to several major historical and spiritual attractions in Kathmandu Valley. The tour cover UNESCO World Heritage Sites including historical Durbar Square, Sacred Hindu Temple (Pahupati Nath) ,popular monkey Temple (Swayambhunath) and Buddhists Shrine (Buddha Nath). After completion of city tour you will meet with guide and other helping staffs, you will be explained with nature of your trek and your trekking gears will be checked. Included: Breakfast
Day 3 : 9 May 2015 Drive Kathmandu – Pokhara
Early morning breakfast at Hotel and we will leave Kathmandu at around 7 am .The drive from Kathmandu to Pokhara follows the upstream of Trishuli River offering greeneries, farms and beautiful mountain sceneries taking about six hours.Afternoon we will explore the various sites of Pokhara. Pokhara is tourist's paradise with full of natural as well as cultural heritage sites such as lakes, caves, temples of Buddhist and Hindus along with mountains. You can observe views to the north across the hills and Phewa Tal (lake) to the white peaks of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges.
Drive Time : 6 hours Included:Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Day 4 : 10 May 2015 Fly Pokhara to Jomson (2700m) and trek to Kagbeni (2810m)
A short flight to Jomsom, the administrative capital of the Mustang district, reveals spectacular views of the region. From Jomsom we trek north to Kagbeni, the last settlement in lower Mustang and the most ethnically Tibetan in the unrestricted area. We stay overnight here.
Day 5 : 11 May 2015 Trek Kagbeni – Chele (3100m)
We enter the restricted area of upper Mustang today, trekking along the Kali Gandaki gorge to the village of Chele. This cluster of whitewashed buildings is huddled at the base of a sheer cliff. The flat roofs of the houses serve as safe storage for the stacks of precious firewood used for cooking and heating. Life here has not changed much over the past centuries.
Day 6 : 12 May 2015 Trek Chele – Geling (3570m)
Traveling west from Chele, today we cross several mountain passes (Chele, Bhena and Yamdo). Rock formations chiseled by wind and weather line the route, providing a feast for the eyes. From Shyangmochen (3800 metres) we descend to Geling. Set in a green oasis of barley fields, the town of Geling stands in stark contrast to the barren landscape that surrounds it.
Day 7 : 13 May 2015 Trek Geling – Charang (3560m )
Today we take a gentle climb upward through the fields of barley and then more steeply to Nyi La (Nyi Pass), the southern boundary of the Kingdom of Lo. Our descent brings us into the town of Charang with its large monastery teetering on the edge of the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
Day 8 : 14 May 2015 Trek Charang -Lo Manthang (3840m)
We climb upward again to a final ridge, where we can look down through a natural gateway strung with prayer flags to the Plain of Inspiration. The walled city of Lo Manthang below is the summer home of the Raja of Mustang. A ring of rounded hills surrounds the city, each one topped with a fortress.
Day 9 : 15 May 2015 First day of Tiji Festival at Lomanthang
Early in the afternoon, horns resounded, announcing the two twelve-foot copper dunchens, with their elephantine blurting, followed by two double-reeled horns, all accompanied by drum and cymbals. Next, an ancient and enormous tanka three stories high was unrolled down the entire south wall of the square. The thanka portrayed Padma Sambhava or (Guru Rimpoche) who brought this ceremony to Tibet in the 8th century." At mid-afternoon, in high wind and blowing dust, eleven lamas in maroon and gold, wearing high red hats, came from the palace and took their places along the wall beneath the thanka, with Tashi Tenzing on the elevated seat just in the center. As the monks and lamas commence chanting, twelve more monks come from the palace in maroon and royal blue and glittering gold brocade, with cymbal-shaped hats decked with upright peacock plumes. Soon they withdraw, to be replaced by the masked dancers who" start the portrayal of the Tiji myth. Dorje Jono repels the demon through the power of his magical dancing - he dances fifty-two separate dances, one of them in ten different bodies, each with a different head. As the dances end, Dorje Jono kills the demon, after which his people are relieved of their plague of misfortunes, water becomes plentiful once more, and the balance and harmony of existence are restored.
Day 10 : 16 May 2015 Second Day of Tiji festival at Lo Manthang
On the second day of Tiji, numbers of Loba have arrived from the outlying hamlets, and the small square is thronged with wild beautiful people, with all of the women and children, at least, in traditional dress. The King of Mustang, "wears a whole crown of tiny river pearls set off by dozens of large red coralline tones interspersed with matched ornaments of turquoise. The costumes and masks, the twelve-foot horns, the gold cups of wheat, the butter cakes, the snow peaks and wind and dust and sun, the mehti, snow leopard, snow pigeons, saligrams, the dying glacier and the desert ruins, the drunks and rajas and foreigners, the dogs and yaks.
Day 11 : 17 May 2015 Last Day of Tiji festival
On the third day, Tiji ends with the ceremonial destruction of the evil remains, represented by some long black yak hair and red torma cakes minced to a dark red gurry. The demons red remnants are set out on an old tiger skin, where-upon they are attacked by bow and arrow, slings, and the old guns. The poor devils remains are over- turned upon the ground, each time to a wild cannonade from the old muzzle-loaders and a wave of cheers and smoke.
Day 12 : 18 May 2015 Trek Lo Manthang - Ghami (3520m)
We head out over pasture land and cross the Charang Khola to the isolated village of Gekar and Ghar Gompa. Our walk leads us over hills and through green valleys to the village of Ghami with its cluster of buildings surrounded by fields.
Day 13 : 19 May 2015 Trek Ghami – Samar (3540m)
We climb today, up to the Nyi La pass before heading down to Samar, a picturesque settlement surrounded by poplar trees. This is a stopping point for mule and horse trains carrying supplies to the remote villages of this kingdom.
Day 14 : 20 May 2015 Trek Samar - Kagbeni (2800m)
Our trek today takes us back to Kagbeni, where we exit the restricted area of upper Mustang.
Day 15 : 21 May 2015 Trek Kagbeni – Jomsom (2700m)
Our trek today is short as we head back to Jomsom.
Day 16 : 22 May 2015 Fly Jomsom - Pokhara (960m)
Today, after breakfast we take a stunning 30 minutes mountain flight to Pokhara. On arrival at Pokhara airport, guide will transfer you to the hotel. After lunch we will continue our sightseeing to the Devi’s fall, Mahendra cave, Vindhyabashini temple and White river (Seti Gorge). Enjoy evening walk along the Phewa Lake and also take a boat around the lake.
Day 17 : 23 May 2015 Drive Pokhara – Kathmandu (1300m)
After breakfast, we start our drive back to Kathmandu.While on the drive you can enjoy the mountain views, green sceneries, rice terrace fields, vegetable fields. Upon arrival in Kathmandu, you will get transferred to our hotel for the refreshment and in evening you will pick up for the cultural dinner together with the Wild Stone Adventure staffs.
Day 18 : 24 May 2015 Farewell
Your Mustang Tiji festival - 2015 Trek has come end. Wild Stone Adventure representative will transfer you to International airport approximately 3 hours before your scheduled flight.
Money Matters so we would like to explain what you are paying for. We are local operator providing world class services to the travelers yearning to be foot on Himalayan trail. We provide you with the minimum price possible for fully inclusive trips .We are proud to guarantee NO HIDDEN COST.
- Airport Pick up and drop.
- Delux accomodation in Kathmandu and Pokhara.
- All surface transfer as per the itinerary.
- Kathmandu and Pokhara city tour by English Speaking Guide on Private Vehicle.
- All the standerd meals(Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner) during trekking.
- Safe and ozonated water throughout the trek.
- Tea House Acomodation during trekking.
- Registered and trained Guide.
- Required number of insured Porter.
- Annapurna Conservation Area fees and Upper Mustang Special permit
- All Surface transfer for your guide, porter and necessary cargo.
- Staff insurances.
- Government taxes and official charges. Visa charge not included here.
- Attractive First Aid Kits.
- Farewell Dinner in Kathmandu.
This package doesnot cover following cost and should be personally paid by the traveller.
- Lunch and Dinner in Kathmandu and Pokhara
- Beverages and other hard drinks cost
- Nepal Entry visa fee and airport taxes.
- Expences of personal nature like laundry, telephone calls, sweets, snacks etc
- Rescue and emergency cost/ Insurance cost but we will help to carry of the procedure.
- Personal trekking equipments
Your safety is our paramount concern while trekking with Wild Stone Adventure. Your Leader has full authority to amend any part of the itinenary due to safety reason. Every effort will be made to keep up with the above itinerary however it is the adventure in remote himalayan zone we cannot guarantee it! Wether condition, physical condition of trekkers and unexpected natural disasters can force to alter the itinerary.Your Leader will forward you with the alternatives so please be prepared to be flexible.
Upon your arrive at Tribhuban International Airport (TIA), Wild Stone Adventures' representative will greet you and transport you to your Hotel. The rest of the day depends on your interest and condition, you can either take a rest or visit our office.The next day you will be formally introduced to your Guide, brief about the trek and enjoy sightseeing tour of the city's most influential cultural and historical landmarks.
Deluxe accommodation in Kathmandu and Pokhara on twin sharing basis with private facilities which are of Western style.
Whilst trekking accommodation is in lodges and teahouses and is of a basic standard. Rooms may be twin or multi share with basic shared toilet facilities. Hot showers and Laundry facilities are available in some places for a small charge.
Wild Stone Adventure use high quality private transportation to get in and off the trekking put in point and put out point.On longer routes, we use private or tourist buses, which provide a slightly higher degree of comfort and safety.For air transportation Wild Stone uses modern, comfortable and most - reliable airline operator.In trekking region, transportation mean is hiking and in some cases Yaks / horses / mules / donkeys are used for baggage carriage. In this trekking route, hiking is the major mean of transportation while your baggage will be carried by porters and/or animals.
We provide quality food in sufficient quantities during your trip period. Mustang Tiji Festival trek cost include breakfast in Kathmandu, Pokhara and three meals a day (breakfast, lunch and dinner) from guesthouses menu while on trek. Your guide will help with menu selection and ensure that you get the best value meals possible. Although the food is usually plentiful and delicious, you should be aware that the menu is not normally extensive due to the extreme locations. Most teahouses offer a variety of rice and noodle dishes, as well as soup and seasonal vegetables. A variety of cereals, bread and egg dishes are generally available for breakfast. There will also be plenty of snacks available such as biscuits, chocolate and soft drinks and in some areas you will find fresh fruit in season. You can buy bottled mineral water from local lodges and shops en route or you can also ask your guide to fill your water bottle with boiled water and treat with water purification pills.
For Mustang Tiji Festival trek, there will be one leader (5 trekkers:1 leader)and the required number of sherpa porter(2 trekkers:1 porter).As you will be travelling in the group you will be exposed to all the pleasure of travelling in group. We can run annapurna circuit trek for any group size but generally we have maximum of ten people, we we found this to be best group size for the optimal success.
Group Leader and Support Staffs
All our trips are accompanied out by one of our local group Leaders. The aim of the group leader is make your Mustang Tiji Festival successsful, enjoyable, memorable and hassle free. Our leader will provide informationa on the culture, geography, ecosystem, flora and fauna of the place your are travelling. They will also offer suggestions for the optional activities and thing to do, recommend great places and introduce you to the local people. Our leader will also assist you to learn the local language.
All our outdoor guides are licensed from the Government of Nepal. Beside the license they have numbers of certificates including Wilderness First Aid, certificate from Kathmandu Education Projects, certificate from Nepal Academy of Tourism and Hotel Management, and Eco friendly guiding certificates.
Our Mustang Tiji Festival 18 days is a moderate trek suitable for passionate hiker. Walking in the higher altitude with a day pack is physically demanding than in a lower elevation, however if you are physically fit, self confidence and have stronger determination, you can accomplish this trek successfully.
No previous experience required, you should be physically fit and enjoy walking in high altitudes.
For the Mustang Tiji Festival the general rule is you will need to be very fit and the more preparation you have done for it, the more you will enjoy it. You will be walking at very high altitudes with your day pack, with the possibility of extreme variations in temperature. We recommend you to undertake regular aerobic exercise in the weeks before you travel, particularly if you are not in the habit of regular exercise. Walking, jogging, swimming or riding a bike are all good ways to boost your fitness, which will allow you to enjoy the trip to its fullest.
We have decade long of experience in operating at high-altitude. Every trip we run has a gradual ascent at the higher altitude with the shorter walking hours with the time to acclimitise in the afternoon. There is no way of predicting who will suffer from altitude but, for the vast majority of people, a slow ascent to height will produce minimal effects. We can provide 'Gamow Bag' as a precautionary measure as per your request on hiring basis. Acclimatizing takes time and there are no safe shortcuts. All trips to altitudes in excess of 3,000 meters carry medicines essential to the treatment of altitude illness, and our leaders are trained to administer them and to know the symptoms.
The official currency of Nepal is Nepalese Rupee (NRs)
It is best to bring a mixture of cash and travelers checks in major currencies - USD, CAD, EUR, AUD - and ensure you have a mixture of large and small denominations. Money may easily be exchanged at Kathmandu airport on arrival and banks and licensed moneychangers in cities. Credit card cash advances and ATM withdrawals are in NPR only.
Before departing on your trek, make sure you have enough Nepalese currency in small denominations as change is hard to find in the villages ( 100 rupee are easy to trade )
Extra Pocket Money
While trekking with wild Stone adventure, all meals are included in your trip cost . You will need very little local currency for meals in Kathmandu and Pokhara extra snacks, soft drinks or souvenirs along the trail.
Extra money dependa upon your spending habit. Please consider your own spending habits when you count for extra pocket money.
Please also make sure you have access to at least an additional USD $200 as an emergency fund, to be used when circumstances beyond our control ( natural disaster, extreme weather, nepal strikes) require a change to our planned route. This is a rare occurrence!
Adequate and valid travel insurance is compulsory for all travelers. Your travel insurance must cover accidents, injury, illness and death medical expenses, including any related to pre-existing medical conditions, emergency repatriation (including helicopter rescue and air ambulance where applicable) and personal liability.
When visiting and entering temples and Nepalis house you must remove your shoes. In some temples, it is forbidden to wear any leather goods. Other temples, such as those in Pashupatinath, do not allow foreigner besides hindu to enter. These are normally marked with a sign in English, and we urge you to respect such practices.
Always ask permission before taking photos inside any temples, and before photographing any local people. When permission is granted, always be sensitive when photographing people, and non-intrusive when shooting inside temples when prayers are in progress. Generally, photography is allowed outside Buddhist and Hindu temples and at religious ceremonies and festivals.
You are guest in Nepal and it is appriciated if you behave like Nepali (Local):
- Dress Respectfully (no short shorts or revealing clothes)
- Do not show affection in public.
- Do not buy antiques.
- Do not point your feet (unclean) to people and point with full hand not with one finger.
- Do not step over persons.
- Do not touch or step over offerings (red powder, flowers/rice)
- Do not use your left hand (dirty)
- Receive and give with two hands.
- Ask permission before taking people's photographs.
- Discourage begging, pay fair price
- Take off your shoes before entering a monastery or Nepali house.
- Go clockwise roung the stupas, temples etc
- Avoid touching monks / lamas.
Dress respectfully with an awareness of local standards. To respect this and for your own comfort, we strongly recommend modest clothing. This means clothing that covers your shoulders and knees. Loose, lightweight, long clothing is both respectful and cool during hiking. In many rural areas women will need to wear modest clothing even to swim. Singlets, tank tops and topless sun bathing are all unaccepted. While visiting temples,monasteriesand other religious sites men need to wear long trousers and women a long skirt.
Laundry facilities are offered by some of our hotels and tea houses for a small charge. There will be times when you may want to or have to do your ownlaundry so we suggest you bring biodegradable soap.
While packing for “ Annapurna Circuit Trek” it essential to considered weather condition and time of year you are travelling.
Please Click here for the complete packing list for this trip.
Tipping is expected but not compulsory and shows an expression of satisfaction with the people who have assisted you on your trip.
Being a responsible trek operator is at the heart of what Wild Stone Adventures is all about. The beautiful environment of the Himalaya is also an extremely fragile one. At Wild Stone Adventure , we are extremely conscious about the environment and aim to minimize the detrimental impact as much as possible.We are committed to responsible tourism and it is implemented in every trip through the following means.
- Leave no Trace
- Discourage deforestation
- Keep Water Source Clean
- Plant Saplings
- Plants Left in Their Natural Environment
- Alternative Source of Energy for Fuel
- Employ local leaders and supporting staffs
- Use local tea house and home stay
- Consume local food
- Reduce, Reuse and Recyle
Suggested reading for the Mustang Tiji Festival.
- Annapurna – Maurice Herzog
- Annapurna, A women's place- Arlene Blum
- Nepal Travel Guide – Lonely Planet
- Trekking in Annapurna Region -Bryn Thomas
- Trekking in Nepal –Antoine d’ Abbundo
- Rough guide to Nepal – David Reed
- Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya – Stan Armington
- Mountain sickness -Peter Hackett
- Pocket first Aid and Wilderness Medicine -Dr. Jim Duff & Dr. Peter Gormly